Carignan is a red wine grape that may have originated in Cariñena, Aragon and was later transplanted to Sardinia, elsewhere in Italy, France, Algeria, and much of the New World. Along with Aramon, it was once considered one of the main grapes responsible for France's wine lake. In California, the grape is rarely used to make varietal wines, but some examples from old vines do exist. In Australia, Carignan is used as a component of blended wines. In the Languedoc, the grape is often blended with Cinsaut, Grenache, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Mourvèdre and Merlot. It has an upright growth habit and can be grown without a trellis. It was crossed to Cabernet Sauvignon to give Ruby Cabernet.
Grape Colour: Black
Also called: Carignane, Carinyena, Gragnano, Pinot Evara, Cariñena with Mazuelo, Tinto Mazuelo, Crujillon, Samsó, Carignan Noir, Bois Dur, Catalan, Roussillonen, Monestel and Plant de Lédenon
Origin: Cariñena, Aragon
Major regions: Languedoc, Sardinia, Algeria, California Central Valley, and Catalonia
Notable wines: Historically Cariñena and Rioja but little used now.